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Large scale Direct Air Capture plant in Norway

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Nordic DAC Group AB has signed a partnership agreement with Carbon Removal AS, a Norwegian Direct Air Capture development company removing 0.5 to 1 megaton of CO2 per year from the atmosphere for permanent storage.

The collaboration makes it possible to start tackling the enormous global need for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and negative emissions. Nordic DAC Group service provides high-quality, permanent negative emissions; addressing unavoidable and hard to reduce emissions. Direct Air Capture removal credits help climate-conscious global industries and Nordic companies reach their climate targets through a pre-purchase model.

Working with the leading DAC technology provider, Carbon Engineering Ltd, Carbon Removal AS is developing a Direct Air Capture (DAC) plant in Norway to capture 0.5 million to 1 million tons of CO2 per year. The initial project phase progresses with conceptual design work, localization, and front-end engineering.

Direct Air Capture (DAC) technology has the advantage of being feasible to scale rapidly and able to capture carbon dioxide out of the air, anywhere, at any time. DAC is expected to play an important role in solving the challenge of emissions in “hard-to-abate” sectors – aviation, construction, and agriculture. It also provides an essential tool to remove historical emissions that overload the atmosphere with CO2.  

“Norway is poised to play an early and key role in the world’s energy transition. As a country, we are committed to using our renewable power supply and competencies from the oil & gas sector and CCS towards the global climate goals. Deploying large-scale, commercial DAC projects can make Norway a global leader in negative emissions and constitutes a great business opportunity in what we expect to be an enormous market for removing CO2 from our atmosphere. The development of a large scale DAC plant will support job creation directly and indirectly and is expected to benefit other new green industries in CO2 use applications.” – Eirik Lilledahl, Founder, Carbon Removal AS.

 “This carbon removal technology is a key climate tool; supply has to be built out fast to meet increased market demand. Corporations have a clearer path to setting their net-zero targets and climate roadmaps. All businesses must sooner rather than later join the move toward net-zero, and plans must result in radical emission reductions while including negative emissions.” – Finn Eriksson, Nordic DAC Group AB, Co-founder 

DAC plant location and safe CO2 storage
The industrial area at the Energy Park in the Kollsnes is very attractive as a Direct Air Capture plant location. At the site, the Northern Lights JV is constructing its CO2 terminal with a capacity of 1.5 million tons of CO2 per year as a first phase. The terminal will receive CO2 by ship and/or locally, and transport offshore by pipeline for permanent storage in a saline aquifer. 

Leading DAC Technology
Founded in 2009, Carbon Engineering (CE) is a Canadian-based clean energy company. CE is focused on the global deployment of megaton-scale Direct Air Capture (DAC) technology that captures carbon dioxide (CO₂) out of the atmosphere so it can be permanently stored deep underground. Today, with its partners, CE is working to deploy large-scale, commercial facilities in multiple markets around the globe.

About Carbon Removal AS
Carbon Removal AS, founded in 2021, is a Norwegian project development company for Direct Air Capture. The ambition of Carbon Removal is to scale the deployment of DAC rapidly, with a focus on Norway because of its natural comparative advantages. The business model is partnership-based. Carbon Removal has partnered with Swedish company Nordic DAC Group AB. (nordicdacgroup.com) for the sale of negative emissions credits. More information can be found at carbonremoval.no.

About Nordic DAC Group AB
Nordic DAC Group AB, founded in 2020, offers high-quality permanent carbon removal certificates, removing unavoidable, hard-to-reduce, and historical CO2 emissions. The service contains advance purchases of DAC credits and participation in DAC projects, accelerating companies’ race toward net-zero and beyond. Nordic DAC Group AB is a minority shareholder in Carbon removal AS. More information can be found at directaircapture.com

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Aftonbladet about Direct Air Capture

Carbon dioxide can be cleaned away from the atmosphere

In this article, Aftonbladet mentioned the Nordic DAC Group project with Chalmers and industrial partners. –The technology is called DAC (Direct Air Capture) and is getting more and more attention because the world’s climate work is not enough to achieve the Paris Agreement’s goal…

Read more, click the following link to Aftonbladet.
https://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/a/OrmA6l/sa-kan-koldioxid-stadas-bort-fran-luften

 

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Carbon removal for the planet and humanity

More companies need to start purchasing negative emissions via carbon removal from the atmosphere. Market demand is accelerating Direct Air Capture deployment.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that carbon dioxide removal technologies are essential. Indeed, they are required in almost all scenarios in which the global temperature increase is to be limited to well below 2°C. The science community has explained why it is crucial to support atmospheric carbon removal with long-term storage. Our world has accumulated and raised the concentration of CO2 in our atmosphere beyond 400 ppm, compared to pre-industrial levels of 280-300 ppm. Consequently, we must take back CO2 from the atmosphere and store it for the long term in the geosphere.

Voluntary Carbon Markets (VCM) will play an important role to drive Direct Air Capture (DAC) deployment. Compliance markets, such as the EU ETS system for industrial emissions, are evaluating how Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) can be integrated. Prices for those industries accounted for are expected to be upward of 100 Euro per tonne CO2 emitted. According to the European Commission’s Sustainable Carbon Cycles Communication, 5Mt of carbon dioxide should be removed annually from the atmosphere and permanently stored through projects (such as direct air capture and carbon storage) by 2030.

Moreover, the EU is working on their carbon removal certification mechanism (CRC-M), quantifying and ensuring that carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and permanently stored. As such it will incentivize sustainable financing and carbon pricing for negative emissions. 

To reach net-zero targets, companies must reduce more carbon dioxide emissions than they are capable of. Many companies will experience an emission gap, especially those in hard to abate sectors like aviation, agriculture, building and construction. Without negative emissions, it will be difficult for them to reach their net-zero targets. Ekot, the news service of the Swedish national radio has mapped out the industrial emission data for the 30 largest Swedish companies. Corresponding to 800 million tons of carbon dioxide for the whole lifecycle of their products and services. 

The World Economic Forum pointed out the importance of negative emissions in its guide. On the critical role of carbon removal and how companies can use it smartly. 
– The world needs carbon removal on top, not instead of, emission reductions. Every company should plan for this need; have a carbon removal strategy

  1. halve emissions by 2030 
  2. net-zero emissions by 2050
  3. net-negative emissions after 2050 with up to 5-20bn tonnes CO2 removed per year

The Principles for Net Zero Aligned Carbon Offsetting were announced by Oxford University in September 2020. These guidelines provide recommendations on how to use carbon removal to ensure long-term storage rather than offsetting avoided emissions or offsetting with a high probability of reversal. The Science Based Targets initiative is currently making comparable recommendations in its net-zero guidance for public comment. 

It is too late to rely on emission reductions alone, and it is increasingly apparent that carbon removal technology with long-term storage constitutes the new best practice. Pursuing carbon removal is a necessity and insurance for the world to reach net-zero in 2050. Scaling up technologies, such as Direct Air Capture and Storage (DACS), is a way to remove carbon with the purpose of achieving negative emissions at scale.

Established names in the field offered their views on DACS and negative emissions 

Dr Dawid P. Hanak, 
MBA, CEng MIMechE, CMgr FCMI, FHEA. Senior Lecturer in Energy and Process Engineering, Centre for Climate and Environmental Protection at Cranfield University

“Reduction of CO2 emissions associated with fossil fuel combustion is crucial for us to limit global warming to 1.5°C. We now know, however, that CO2 reductions alone will be insufficient because some parts of our economy are inherently difficult to decarbonize. Therefore, we need to deploy negative emission technologies, such as Direct Air Capture, to reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. I do believe that negative emission technologies offer a significant opportunity not only in terms of global warming mitigation. These will allow us to transition to a circular economy and better manage our limited resources.”

Shareq Mohd Nazir
Assistant Professor, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

We have used artificial methods that resulted in an increase in concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Therefore, in order to restore the concentration back to pre-industrial levels, we must utilize artificial methods such as Direct Air Capture among others.

About Nordic DAC Group AB 

Nordic DAC Group AB, founded in 2020, offers high-quality permanent carbon removal certificates, removing unavoidable, hard-to-reduce, and historical CO2 emissions. The service contains advance purchases of DAC credits and participation in DAC projects, accelerating companies’ race toward net-zero and beyond. Nordic DAC Group AB is a minority shareholder in Carbon removal AS. More information can be found at directaircapture.com

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NyTeknik, Swedish technology magazine

Should Sweden build carbon dioxide capture from the atmosphere?

NyTeknik latest coverage on DAC. Mentions from an ongoing project – Negative emissions through Direct Air Capture, with Chalmers and Nordic DAC Group AB approved by Swedish Energy Agency.

– Direct capture and capture of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is significantly more expensive and more energy-intensive than starting from a point source. But interest in DAC technology is still growing. 

(See link, reservation NyTeknik premium users) 
https://e-tidningen.nyteknik.se/3419/ny-teknik/472285/2021-12-02/r/10

 

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Swedish radio about Direct Air Capture

The construction of large-scale facilities for removing carbon dioxide from the air is underway.

Swedish radio recent coverage on Direct Air Capture.

– Large-scale plants that capture carbon dioxide directly from the air are planned in Norway, the USA and Scotland by, among others, the technology company Carbon Engineering. The carbon dioxide will be stored in the bedrock and in this way carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere permanently. The EU and the US are now investing billions in technology – Direct Air Capture

Click the two links below. First link is 37 minutes long, second link is 1,52 minutes. 

Jättelika dammsugare ska städa bort koldioxid från atmosfären 1 december 2021 – Vetenskapsradion Klotet | Sveriges Radio

Storskaliga anläggningar som dammsuger luften på koldioxid på gång – Vetenskapsradion Nyheter | Sveriges Radio

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Carbon removers toward net-zero and beyond!

Peach Fitness App has committed to becoming climate positive with technology that removes CO2 from the atmosphere.

Nordic DAC Group AB is proud to announce the collaboration with the Peach Fitness App team, committed to carbon removal. Peach has entered into a negative emission pre-purchase agreement with Nordic DAC Group AB. Direct Air Capture (DAC) is a new climate tool that captures carbon dioxide directly from the air, then stores it safely and permanently.

“We aim to do what we can to lower our carbon footprint and encourage others to do the same. In respect of the world’s climate challenges, Peach and its community strongly support innovative green methods such as carbon removal. There is increasing awareness and pressure from customers and climate action groups. Companies nowadays must simply decarbonize to be relevant and trustworthy.” says Erik Falkeskog, one of the founders at Peach AB.

“It’s important to participate in early action steps so that innovation and deployment accelerate. We already have a low carbon footprint, but that doesn’t mean we should be any less involved in further efforts moving toward net-zero and beyond”, Erik continues.

Peter Magnusson, chairman and co-founder of Nordic DAC Group AB, – According to the principles of the Paris Agreement, countries and companies with the resources and ability to do so should move quickly in decarbonizing and take away more carbon permanently. Radical emission reduction paired with carbon removal from the atmosphere needs to become a mainstream movement during the current decade.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that carbon dioxide removal technologies are essential. Indeed, they are required in almost all scenarios in which the global temperature increase is to be limited to well below 2°C. The UN Secretary-General António Guterres has recently expressed a code red for humanity and called on all nations to join the net-zero targets and reinforce their commitments with credible, concrete actions and policies before COP26 in Glasgow.

The science community has explained why it is crucial to support atmospheric carbon removal with long-term storage. Our world has accumulated and raised the concentration of CO2 in our atmosphere way beyond safe levels. Consequently, we must take back CO2 from the atmosphere and store it for the long term in the geosphere.

Peach AB envision a world where working out is a frictionless, fun and engaging experience, wherever you are. Through their platform, Peach offers fitness classes all over the world through a global network of professional instructors and enthusiasts.

Nordic DAC Group AB’s mission is to accelerate mega-scale carbon removal to mitigate climate change for a safe planet and humanity. Enabling negative emissions certificates through Direct Air Capture for forward-thinking companies.

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GENERAL CONDITIONS

 

General conditions for supply of service

General Conditions for the supply of service Nordic DAC Group AB

Interpretation

Definitions

In these Conditions, the following definitions apply:

Business Day

A day (other than a Saturday, Sunday or public holiday) when banks in Sweden are open for business.

Charges

The charges payable by the Customer for the supply of the Services in accordance with the Contract Form.  

Commencement Date

Has the meaning set out in clause 2.1.

Contract

The contract between the Supplier and the Customer for the supply of Services in accordance with these Conditions. The Contract consists of these Conditions and its Annex(es).

Customer

The person or firm who purchases Services from the Supplier.

Deliverables

The removal of the confirmed net quantity of carbon dioxide (“Service quantity”) from the atmosphere by performing carbon dioxide removal. The Supplier captures carbon dioxide from ambient air with one or several units operated by or on behalf of the Supplier, provides or have provided the captured carbon dioxide to one or several third parties and contract with such third parties to perform subsequent permanent storage. The Service quantity is conclusively determined by a mass flow meter in the Supplier’s Plant or the Plant managed by the Supplier’s partner(s). carbon dioxide emissions caused by the carbon dioxide removal process are deducted and only the removal of the net quantity is sold. The Deliverables are further set out in the Contract Form.  

Intellectual Property Rights

Patents, rights to inventions, copyright and related rights, trade marks, business names and domain names, rights in get-up, goodwill and the right to sue for passing off, rights in designs, database rights, rights to use, and protect the confidentiality of, confidential information (including know-how), and all other intellectual property rights, in each case whether registered or unregistered and including all applications and rights to apply for and be granted, renewals or extensions of, and rights to claim priority from, such rights and all similar or equivalent rights or forms of protection which subsist or will subsist now or in the future in any part of the world.

Services

The Deliverables, supplied by the Supplier to the Customer as set out in the Contract.

Supplier

Nordic DAC Group AB, registered in Sweden with company number 559239-8555.

Writing or written

Includes e-mails.

1. Background

1.1 The Supplier intends to develop a Nordic Direct Air Capture plant to capture carbon dioxide from ambient air and to operate the plant. In doing this, the Supplier is licensing technology developed by reputable capture technology providers.

1.2 The Supplier intends to sell the removal of carbon dioxide emissions.

1.3 The Customer has expressed an interest in buying the Service quantity provided by the Supplier

2. Basic of contract

2.1 The Contract shall become effective upon both parties signing it, unless stated otherwise (Commencement Date). The Services are completed once the Service quantity has been removed from the atmosphere by means of the Supplier or its assigned partners.

2.2 The Contract constitutes the entire agreement between the parties. The Customer acknowledges that it has not relied on any statement, promise, representation, assurance or warranty made or given by or on behalf of the Supplier which is not set out in the Contract.

2.3 Any drawings, descriptive matter or advertising issued by the Supplier are issued or published for the sole purpose of giving an approximate idea of the Services described in them. They shall not form part of the Contract or have any contractual force.

2.4 These Conditions apply to the Contract to the exclusion of any other terms that the Customer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing.

3. Supply of service

3.1 The Supplier shall supply the Services to the Customer in accordance with the Contract.

3.2 The Supplier shall supply the Services to the Customer in accordance with the Contract.

4. Charges, payment and audit

4.1 The Charges for the Services is set out in the Contract Form and shall be paid either by invoice or credit card, as instructed by the Supplier.

4.2 All amounts payable by the Customer under the Contract are exclusive of amounts in respect of value added tax chargeable for the time being (VAT). Where any taxable supply for VAT purposes is made under the Contract by the Supplier to the Customer, the Customer shall, on receipt of a valid VAT invoice from the Supplier, pay to the Supplier such additional amounts in respect of VAT as are chargeable on the supply of the Services at the same time as payment is due for the supply of the Services.

4.3 If the Customer fails to make any payment due to the Supplier under the Contract by the due date for payment, then the Customer shall pay interest on the overdue amount at the rate set out in the Interest Act. Such interest shall accrue on a daily basis from the due date until actual payment of the overdue amount, whether before or after judgment. The Customer shall pay the interest together with the overdue amount.

4.4 The Customer shall pay all amounts due under the Contract in full without any set-off, counterclaim, deduction or withholding (except for any deduction or withholding required by law). The Supplier may at any time, without limiting its other rights or remedies, set off any amount owing to it by the Customer against any amount payable by the Supplier to the Customer.

4.5 The Supplier shall be responsible for proving the accuracy of any facts or figures referred to in this Contract and the Supplier shall prove (where requested to do so) the accuracy of any such facts or figures on an open book basis to the reasonable satisfaction of the Customer. Unless the Parties agree otherwise, such audit shall be conducted by a registered accountant at a reputable accounting firm of the Customer’s choice. The cost for such audit shall be borne by the Customer.

5. Bank guarantee

5.1  If agreed by the parties in writing, the Supplier shall deliver to the Customer a standby letter of credit no later than five (5) Business Days after the  Customer has paid the charges in clause 4.1 above in substantially the form of Annex 1.

5.2 The cost of obtaining and maintaining the letter of credit shall be borne by the Supplier.

5.3 The Customer may draw upon the letter of credit should the Supplier, after ten (10) days written notice, fail to comply with any substantial provision of this Contract

6. Intellectual property rights

6.1 All Intellectual Property Rights in or arising out of or in connection with the Services shall be owned by the Supplier.

6.2 The Customer is entitled to use any documentation provided as part of the Services to assert the Service quantity attributable to the Customer.

6.3 The Customer acknowledges that, in respect of any third party Intellectual Property Rights, the Customer’s use of any such Intellectual Property Rights is conditional on the Supplier obtaining a written licence from the relevant licensor on such terms as will entitle the Supplier to license such rights to the Customer.

7. Privacy policy

7.1 In the course of providing the Services the Supplier may process personal data on behalf of the Customer. If that is the case, the Parties acknowledge that they shall enter into a separate Data Processing Agreement. Each Party shall at all times comply with its respective obligations under, as applicable, Regulation (EU) 2016/679 the General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”) and any national legislation enacted with respect to the GDPR.

8. Limitation of liability

8.1 The Supplier shall under no circumstances whatever be liable to the Customer, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, for any loss of profit, or any indirect or consequential loss arising under or in connection with the Contract.

8.2 The Supplier’s total liability to the Customer in respect of all other losses arising under or in connection with the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, shall in no circumstances exceed the Charges.

8.3 This clause 7 shall survive termination of the Contract.

9. Termination

9.1 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, either party may terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the other party if:

(a) the other party suspends, or threatens to suspend, payment of its debts or is unable to pay its debts as they fall due or admits inability to pay its debts or (being a company or limited liability partnership) is deemed unable to pay its debts or (being an individual) is deemed either unable to pay its debts or as having no reasonable prospect of so doing, in either case, or (being a partnership) has any partner to whom any of the foregoing apply;

(b) the other party commences negotiations with all or any class of its creditors with a view to rescheduling any of its debts, or makes a proposal for or enters into any compromise or arrangement with its creditors other than (where a company) for the sole purpose of a scheme for a solvent amalgamation of that other party with one or more other companies or the solvent reconstruction of that other party;

(c) a petition is filed, a notice is given, a resolution is passed, or an order is made, for or in connection with the winding up of that other party (being a company) other than for the sole purpose of a scheme for a solvent amalgamation of that other party with one or more other companies or the solvent reconstruction of that other party;

(d) the other party (being an individual) is the subject of a bankruptcy petition or order;

(e) a creditor or encumbrancer of the other party attaches or takes possession of, or a distress, execution, sequestration or other such process is levied or enforced on or sued against, the whole or any part of its assets and such attachment or process is not discharged within 14 days; (f) an order is made, for the appointment of an administrator or if an administrator is appointed over the other party (being a company);

(g) a person becomes entitled to appoint a receiver over the assets of the other party or a receiver is appointed over the assets of the other party;

(h) any event occurs or proceeding is taken with respect to the other party in any jurisdiction to which it is subject that has an effect equivalent or similar to any of the events mentioned in clause (b) to clause

(g) (inclusive);

(i) the other party suspends or ceases, or threatens to suspend or cease, to carry on all or a substantial part of its business;

(j) the other party’s financial position deteriorates to such an extent that in the Supplier’s opinion the Customer’s capability to adequately fulfil its obligations under the Contract has been placed in jeopardy; or

(k) the other party (being an individual) dies or, by reason of illness or incapacity (whether mental or physical), is incapable of managing his own affairs or becomes a patient under any mental health legislation.

9.2 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Supplier may terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Customer if the Customer fails to pay any amount due under this Contract on the due date for payment and fails to pay all outstanding amounts within 30 days after being notified in writing to do so.

10. Force majeure

10.1 For the purposes of this Contract, Force Majeure Event means an event beyond the reasonable control of the Supplier including but not limited to strikes, lock-outs or other industrial disputes (whether involving the workforce of the Supplier or any other party), failure of a utility service or transport network, act of God, war, riot, civil commotion, malicious damage, compliance with any law or governmental order, rule, regulation or direction, accident, breakdown of plant or machinery, fire, flood, storm or default of suppliers or subcontractors.

10.2 The Supplier shall not be liable to the Customer as a result of any delay or failure to perform its obligations under this Contract as a result of a Force Majeure Event.

10.3 If the Force Majeure Event prevents the Supplier from providing any of the Services for more than 26 weeks, the Supplier shall, without limiting its other rights or remedies, have the right to terminate this Contract immediately by giving written notice to the Customer.

11. General

11.1 Assignments

(a) The Supplier may at any time assign, transfer, mortgage, charge, subcontract or deal in any other manner with all or any of its rights under the Contract and may subcontract or delegate in any manner any or all of its obligations under the Contract to any third party or agent.

11.2 Notices.

(a) Any notice or other communication given to a party under or in connection with the Contract shall be in writing, addressed to that party at its registered office (if it is a company) or its principal place of business (in any other case) or such other address as that party may have specified to the other party in writing in accordance with this clause, and shall be delivered personally, sent by pre-paid first class post or other next working day delivery service, commercial courier, or e-mail.

(b) A notice or other communication shall be deemed to have been received: if delivered personally, when left at the address referred to in this Contract; if sent by pre-paid first class post or other next working day delivery service, on the second Business Day after posting; if delivered by commercial courier, on the date and at the time that the courier’s delivery receipt is signed; or, if sent by e-mail, one Business Day after transmission.

(c) The provisions of this clause shall not apply to the service of any proceedings or other documents in any legal action.

11.3 Severance.

(a) If any provision or part-provision of the Contract is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or part-provision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the Contract.

(b) If any provision or part-provision of this Contract is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the parties shall negotiate in good faith to amend such provision so that, as amended, it is legal, valid and enforceable, and, to the greatest extent possible, achieves the intended commercial result of the original provision.

11.4 Waiver. A waiver of any right under the Contract or law is only effective if it is in writing and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach or default. No failure or delay by a party in exercising any right or remedy provided under the Contract or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict its further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.

11.5 No partnership or agency. Nothing in the Contract is intended to, or shall be deemed to, establish any partnership or joint venture between the parties, nor constitute either party the agent of the other for any purpose. Neither party shall have authority to act as agent for, or to bind, the other party in any way.

11.6 Third parties. A person who is not a party to the Contract shall not have any rights to enforce its terms.

11.7 Variation. Except as set out in these Conditions, no variation of the Contract, including the introduction of any additional terms and conditions, shall be effective unless it is agreed in writing and signed by the Supplier.

11.8 Governing law. This Contract, and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with it or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims), shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with the law of Sweden.

11.9 Jurisdiction. Any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or in connection with this Contract, or the breach, termination or invalidity thereof, shall be finally settled by arbitration in accordance with the Arbitration Rules of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. The arbitral tribunal shall be composed of three arbitrators. The seat of arbitration shall be Stockholm, Sweden. The language to be used in the arbitral proceedings shall be English.